The five basic principles of Tang Soo Do

  1. Be loyal to your country.
  2. Obedience to parents and elders.
  3. Respect to instructors and seniors.
  4. Self control.
  5. Never misuse one's art.

The five main aims

  1. To foster goodwill and friendship among affiliated members.
  2. To supervise and maintain the rules and regulations of Tang Soo Do.
  3. To organise and control National and International events or championships.
  4. To organise proper guidance on training programmes.
  5. To assist in the formation of Tang Soo Do clubs in the United Kingdom.

General Terminology

Tang Soo Do Name of the art we study
Moo Duk Kwan Name of the style/organisation
Soo Bahk Do Ancient name of the martial art in Korea
Kwan Jang Nim Chief instructor
Sa Bom Nim Qualified instructor from 4th Dan upwards
Kyo Sa Nim Assistant instructor as appointed
Ban Jang Prefect
Nim A term of respect similar to 'sir'
Sun Beh Senior member
Hu Beh Junior member
Dan Degree, holder of midnight blue belt
Gup Grade, holder of colour belt under midnight blue
Ko Dan Ja Senior Dan holder
You Dan Ja Dan holder
You Gup Ja Gup holder
Kwan Won Student member
Cho Bo Ja Beginner
Kam Sa Hap Ni Da Thank you
Do Jang Training Hall
Do Balk Training uniform
Dee Belt
Kuk Gi National flag
Kwan Gi (Organisation) flag
Shim Kung Spiritual Power or control in exercise
Neh Kung Internal power or control in exercise
Weh Kung External power or control in exercise
Kee Cho Basic
Hyung Form
Dae Ryun Sparring
Ho Sin Sul Self-defence
Kyok Pa Breaking techniques
Soo Kee Hand techniques
O Rin Jok Right
Wen Jok Left

Basic Stances (Kee Cho Jase)

Joon Bee Jase Ready stance
Chon Gool Jase Front stance
Hu Gul Jase Back stance
Chwe Ha Dan Jase Low back stance
Kee Mahk Jase Horse stance
Sa Goh Rip Jase Side stance
Bal Bul Ri Go Mao Sogi Jase Duck Foot Stance

Commands in Training

Cha Ryut Attention
Kyung Yet Bow
Joon Bee Ready
Shi-Jak Begin
Ku Ryung Count
Ku Ryung Ae Mat Cho So By the count
Ku Ryung Op Shi Without count
Ba-ro Return
Shio Relax
Tora Turn
Dwee Ro Tora Turn to rear
Bal Cha Kee Joon Bee Ready for kick
Ha-na One
Tul Two
Set Three
Net Four
Ta-sot Five
Yo-sot Six
Il-gop Seven
Yo-dol Eight
A-hop Nine
Yol Ten
Il First
Ee Second
Sam Third
Sa Fourth
Oh Fith
Yuk Sixth
Chil Seventh
Pahl Eight
Ku Ninth
Sip Tenth
Jok Kee Foot techniques
Mahk Kee Block
Kong Kyuk Attack
Ha Dan Low section
Joong Dan Middle section
Sang Dan High section
Cha Kee Kick
Ki-hap Shout/yell
Shi Sun Focus of eyes
Jung Shim Balance
Kwon Do Knife fist
Joong Kwon Fore fist
Kap Kwon Back fist
IL Ji Kwon One finger fist
Yoo Kwon Soft fist
Jip Kye Shon Plier hand
Soo Do Knife hand
Yuk Soo Do Ridge hand
Kwan Soo Spear hand
IL Ji Kwon Soo One finger spear hand
Ee Ji Kwon Soo Two finger spear hand
Jang Kwon Heel of hand
Son Mok Deung Upper wrist technique
Pal Koop Elbow
Moo Roop Knee

Commands in Starting/Closing Class

Cha Ryut Attention
Kuk Gi Bay Ray Bow to flag (if displayed)
Ba-Ro Return
Chak Sut Sit
Muk Nyum Meditation
Sa Bom Nim Kay Kyung Yet Bow to instructor
Kyo Sa Nim Kay Kyung Yet Bow to assistant instructor
Sun Beh Nim Kay Kyung Yet Bow to senior member
Ban Jang Nim Kay Kyung Yet Bow to prefect

Basic Hand Movements

Blocks executed in front stance unless otherwise stated.

Ha Dan Mahk Kee Low Block
Sang Dan Mahk Kee High Block
Ahn Ye Seo Bahk Euro Mahk Kee Inside to outside block
Bahk Ye Seo Ahn Euro Mahk Kee Outside to inside block
Tro Ahn Ye Seo Bahk Euro Mahk Kee Reverse inside to outside block
Tro Bahk Ye Seo Ahn Euro Mahk Kee Reverse outside to inside block
Sang Soo Joong Dan Mahk Kee Two fist middle block
Sang Soo Ha Dan Mahk Kee Two fist(X) low block
Sang Soo Sang Dan Mahk Kee Two fist(X) high block

The prefix 'Hu Gul' signifies that the above blocks are to be executed in back stance.

The following blocks are to be executed in Back Stance.

Soo Do Ha Dan Mahk Kee Low section knife hand block
Soo Do Sang Dan Mahk Kee High section knife hand block
Soo Do Joong Dan Mahk Kee Middle section knife hand block


Joong Dan Kong Kyuk Middle punch front stance
Sang Dan Kong Kyuk High punch front stance
Hoeng Jin Kong Kyuk Side punch(side) horse stance
Yuk Jin Kong Kyuk Reverse punch, back stance
Kwan Soo Kong Kyuk Spear hand attack, front stance
Pal Koop Kong Kyuk Elbow attack, front stance

As recognised by Sport England.

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